Log files are useful in troubleshooting issues in Oracle Applications. Here is the list of Log file location in Oracle Applications for Startup/Shutdown, Cloning, Patching, DB & Apps Listener and various components in Apps R12/12i:
A. Startup/Shutdown Log files for Application Tier in R12
Instance Top is new TOP added in R12 (to read more click here)
–Startup/Shutdown error message text files like adapcctl.txt, adcmctl.txt… $INST_TOP/apps/$CONTEXT_NAME/logs/appl/admin/log
Copy and Rename an Oracle Database - (without export/import)
Copy and Rename an Oracle Database - (without export/import)
You may find it necessary to duplicate (clone) an Oracle database. One method is to use import/export. This method can work fine, but what if your database is too big? Another method is to make a copy of the current database and rename it. Now I will explain the steps necessary to copy and rename a database. This article will assume that the original database is called PROD and you want to create a TEST duplicate database.
1.) Copy production database files and init.ora The first step is to locate and copy all database files to their new location. You can use the view V$DATAFILE in the PROD database to locate these files. Before running the query from V$DATAFILE, ensure that you are connected to the PROD database by selecting from V$DATABASE: SQL> select name from v$database;
NAME --------------------------------------- PROD
SQL> select name from v$datafile;
NAME --------------------------------------- /u08/app/oradata/PROD/system01.dbf /u06/app/oradata/PROD/rbs01.dbf /u07/app/oradata/PROD/temp01.dbf /u10/app/oradata/PROD/userd01.dbf /u09/app/oradata/PROD/userx01.dbf
After recording these files, shutdown the PROD database and perform an operating system copy of all database files to another location and/or machine. In my example, I will copy all datafiles to a new location as shown in the following table:
After copying all files to their new location, startup the PROD database.
From the production database, get a copy of the initPROD.ora file and copy it to initTEST.ora. In the initTEST.ora file, change the value of "db_name" from PROD to TEST. Keep in mind that you may also need to change:
If the TEST database is going to be on a different machine, copy the initTEST.ora file to that machine in the proper directory.
2.) Create the script that will re-create the controlfile
Using SVRMGR on the PROD database, create a script that will be able to re-create the controlfile for the database.
PROD on testdb: svrmgrl SVRMGR> connect internal Connected. SVRMGR> alter database backup controlfile to trace; Statement processed.
The above statement will put a text copy of the controlfile in the USER_DUMP_DEST directory. You will need to search for the newest trace file in this directory. In UNIX you can use the "ls -lt" command. Once you find the correct trace file, rename it to cr_control.sql and edit it as follows
• Remove everything up to the "START NOMOUNT" statement and everything after the semicolon at the end of the "CREATE CONTROLFILE" statement. • Edit the line starting with "CREATE CONTROLFILE" and replace the word "REUSE" with the word "SET" right before the keyword DATABASE. • On the same line, modify the database name changing it from PROD to TEST. • On the same line, change the keyword NORESETLOGS to RESETLOGS. Your script should now read:
If the TEST database is on a different machine move this file to that machine.
3.) Create the new controlfile for TEST
Make sure that your Oracle environment variable "ORACLE_SID" is set to TEST. (i.e. export ORACLE_SID=TEST). Now use SVRMGR and the CREATE CONTROLFILE script (cr_control.sql) to create your controlfile for TEST: TEST on testdb: svrmgrl SVRMGR> connect internal Connected to an idle instance. SVRMGR> @cr_control ORACLE instance started. Total System Global Area 32798752 bytes Fixed Size 39816 bytes Variable Size 22600856 bytes Database Buffers 9994240 bytes Redo Buffers 163840 bytes Statement processed. SVRMGR>
NOTE: Stay logged into SVRMGR and proceed to the next step.
4.) Open the TEST database
Before opening the TEST database, you will need to perform incomplete recovery. After recovery you can open the database using the RESETLOGS option as show below: SVRMGR> alter database recover database until cancel using backup controlfile; SVRMGR> alter database recover cancel; Statement processed. SVRMGR> alter database open resetlogs; Statement processed. SVRMGR> You can verify that the database was renamed to TEST by querying from V$DATABASE: SVRMGR> select name from v$database; NAME --------- TEST 1 row selected. SVRMGR>
Oracle Data Pump is the replacement for he original Export/Import utilities. This utility is available from oracle database 10g. Oracle data pump enables very high- speed of movement of data and metadata from one database to another. The Data Pump Export and Import utilities have a similar look and feel to the original utilities, But they are much more efficient and give you greater control and management of import and export jobs
Directory Objects ================= Description of feature: Data Pump differs from original Export and Import in that all jobs run primarily on the server using server processes. These server processes access files for the data pump jobs using directory objects that identify the location of the files. The directory objects enforce a security model that can be used by DBAs to control access to these files.
Interactive Command – Line Mode =================== Description of feature: Besides regular operating system command – line mode, there is now powerful interactive command – line mode which allows theuser to monitor and control data pump export and import operations.
Definition: Oracle 10g's new DataPump utility is designed as the eventual replacement for the original Oracle Import and Export utilities. This article - the first in a series - provides an overview of the Data Pump's suite of tools for extracting, transforming, and loading data within an Oracle database.
User Procedures: ================
In order to use this data pump feature, you must perform the following steps: • Changing from original Export/Import to oracle data pump. • Different modes of Export/Import using data pump.
Each of these steps is described in more detail below.
STEP1: ====== if you want to export to a file, the first thing that you must do is create a database DIRECTORY object for the output directory, and grant access to users who will be doing exports and imports.
Why Directory Objects? They are needed to ensure data security and integrity. Otherwise, users would be able to read data that they should not have access to and perform unwarranted operations on the server.Develop and include all the default mandatory columns in the invoice form. Also include additional columns are per the client requirement. For example will use Scott user account and create a directory object it can access, (Steps for using data pump)
connect to sqlplus as sys user,
$sqlplus '/as sysdba'
make sure that Scott user account has unlocked by connecting to sqlplus as Scott user.
Assign create directory privilege to Scott,
GRANT CREATE ANY DIRECTORY TO Scott; CREATE OR REPLACE DIRECTORY test_dir AS '/u01/logicalbkp';
Assign read,write privilege to Scott on that particular directory where we need to take the backup.
GRANT READ, WRITE ON DIRECTORY test_dir TO Scott;
STEP2: ====== Full Export/Import Mode: You can invoke the data pump export using a command line. Export/Import parameters can be specified directly in the command line. A full export is specified using the FULL parameter. In a full database export, the entire database is unloaded. This mode requires that you have the EXP_FULL_DATABASE role.Shown below is an example
Schema Export/Import Mode: The schema export mode is invoked using the SCHEMAS parameter. If you have no EXP_FULL_DATABASE role, you can only export your own schema. If you have EXP_FULL_DATABASE role, you can export several schemas in one go. Optionally, you can include the system
Table Export/Import Mode: This export mode is specified using the TABLES parameter. In this mode, only the specified tables, partitions and their dependents are exported. If you do not have the EXP_FULL_DATABASE role, you can export only tables in your own schema. You can only specify tables in the same schema.
TABLE_EXISTS_ACTION=APPEND parameter allows data to be imported into existing tables.
Data pump performance can be improved by using the PARALLEL parameter. This should be used in conjunction with the "%U" wildcard in the DUMPFILE parameter to allow multiple dumpfiles to be created or read:
The DBA_DATAPUMP_JOBS view can be used to monitor the current jobs
The INCLUDE and EXCLUDE parameters can be used to limit the export/import to specific objects. When the INCLUDE parameter is used, only those objects specified by it will be included in the export. When the EXCLUDE parameter is used all objects except those specified by it will be included in the export.
All data pump actions are performed by multiple jobs (server processes not DBMS_JOB jobs). These jobs are controlled by a master control process which uses Advanced Queuing. At runtime an advanced queue table, named after the job name, is created and used by the master control process.
The table is dropped on completion of the data pump job. The job and the advanced queue can be named using the JOB_NAME parameter. Cancelling the client process does not stop the associated data pump job. Issuing "ctrl+c" on the client during a job stops the client output and presents a command prompt. Typing "status" at this prompt allows you to monitor the current job
With Oracle Applications 11.5.10 the ability to clone from a multi node to a single node system using rapid clone has now been certified.
This is accomplished by the Shared APPL_TOP and Merging APPL_TOP features.
In this post i am listing out the steps to perform a multi note to a single node cloning from scratch. The information mentioned here is the steps which i have used and found them to be successful for a more elaborate explanation you might want to refer to the metalink note Sharing the Application Tier File System in Oracle E-Business Suite 11i (233428.1).
Source System here refers to the multi node system to be cloned Target System refers to the newly to be created single node system Applications Version 11.5.10 Operating System Linux ES 4
The following Steps are required to be performed on the source system
1. Apply application tier patches using adpatch
Apply patch 4038964 Apply patch 4175764
Both the above patches are include in the consolidated update 2 or CU2 so in case you are on 188.8.131.52 or later you can ignore this step.
2. Maintain snapshot information
Log in as the applications user on each application tier node and run 'Maintain Snapshot Information' by using adadmin.
3. Merge existing APPL_TOPs
Log in to the primary node of your application tier as the application user user and run:
$ cd [COMMON_TOP]/admin/scripts/[CONTEXT_NAME] $ perl adpreclone.pl appsTier merge
This will prompt you with option to merge secondary nodes
Now log in as the applications user to each of the secondary application tier nodes being merged and run:
$ cd [COMMON_TOP]/admin/scripts/[CONTEXT_NAME] $ perl adpreclone.pl appltop merge
4. Prepare the source system database tier.
Log on to the database tier of the source system as the oracle user and run the following commands:
$ cd [RDBMS ORACLE_HOME]/appsutil/scripts/[CONTEXT_NAME] $ perl adpreclone.pl dbTier
With this all the pre clone tasks on the source system have been completed.
The next set of tasks are required to be carried out on the target system that is the system on which you wish to place the merged single node instance.
Log in as the applications user to each of the secondary source nodes and recursively copy:
directory [COMMON_TOP]/clone/appl - to - directory [COMMMON_TOP]/clone/appl on the target system node
Before proceeding with the next steps you must shutdown your oracle applications services and the database on the source system
5. Copy the database tier file system
Log on to the source system as the database user
Copy the database (DBF) files from the source to the target system Copy the source database ORACLE_HOME to the target system
After this you can now startup the database and applications services on your source system and release it for use.
6. Configure the target system database server
Log on to the target system as the database user and type the following commands to configure and start the database:
$ cd [RDBMS ORACLE_HOME]/appsutil/clone/bin $ perl adcfgclone.pl dbTier
This will prompt for new ORACLE_SID,ORACLE_HOME,Port Pool,JAVA_TOP and DATA_TOP give the appropriate values matching your target system
Once successful this should start your database and listener
7. Configure the application tier server nodes
The database and its listener should remain up before executing the next set of commands. Log in to the merged APPL_TOP node as the applications user and execute the following commands:
$ cd [COMMON_TOP]/clone/bin $ perl adcfgclone.pl appsTier
This will prompt you new port pool for applictaion tier services as well as new APPLTOP,COMMON_TOP,ORACLE_HOME and IAS_TOP
Successful completion of this task will bring up your application tier services on the target or the cloned node.
8. Post Clone Tasks
Log in to the target system application tier node as the APPLMGR user. Run the following tasks in adadmin for all products: o generate JAR files o generate message files o relink executables o copy files to destination
9. Clean up of the target system
Remove the temporary directory [COMMON_TOP]/clone/appl to reduce disk space usage.
Note: The version of Oracle Applications used is 11.5.10 and the operating system is Linux ES 4
Open new session, source environment file, and stop middle tier services, run autoconfig Open new session, source environment file, check for custom top in topfile.txt in $APPL_TOP/admin, start the middle tier services.
4) create user xxrlt identified by xxrlt default tablespace xxrlt temporary tablespace temp1 quota unlimited on xxrlt grant connect, resource to xxrlt;
5) Register your Oracle Schema. Login to Applications with System Administrator responsibility Navigate to Application-->Register Application = XXRLT Custom Application Short Name = XXRLT Basepath = XXRLT_TOP Description = XXRLT Custom Application
6) Register Oracle User Naviate to Security-->Oracle-->Register Database User Name = XXRLT Password = XXRLT Privilege = Enabled Install Group = 0 Description = XXRLT Custom Application User
7) Add Application to a Data Group Navigate to Security-->Oracle-->DataGroup Data Group = XXRLTGroup Description = XXRLT Custom Data Group Click on "Copy Applications from" and pick Standard data Group, then add the following entry. Application = XXRLT Custom Oracle ID = APPS Description = XXRLT Custom Application
8) Create custom request group This will act as a placeholder for any custom reports we wish to make available for the Custom Responsibility (which is defined at a later stage) Navigate to Security-->responsbility-->Request Group = XXRLT Request Group Application = XXRLT Custom Code = XXRLT Description = XXRLT Custom Requests We will not define any requests to add to the group at this stage, but you can add some now if required.
9) Create custom menu This will act as a placeholder for any menu items we wish to make available for the Custom Responsibility (which is defined at a later stage). We will create
two menus, one for Core Applications and one for Self Service. Navigate to Application-->Menu Menu = XXRLT_CUSTOM_MENU User Menu Name = XXRLT Custom Application Menu Type = Description = XXRLT Custom Application Menu Seq = 100 Prompt = View Requests Submenu = Function = View All Concurrent Requests Description = View Requests
Seq = 110 Prompt = Run Requests Submenu = Function = Requests: Submit Description = Submit Requests
Menu = XXRLT_CUSTOM_MENU_SSWA User Menu Name = XXRLT Custom Application SSWA Menu Type = Description = XXRLT Custom Application Menu for SSWA
10) Create new responsibility. One for Core Applications and One for Self Service (SSWA) Navigate to Security-->Responsibility-->Define Responsibility Name = XXRLT Custom Application = XXRLT Custom Responsibility Key = XXRLTCUSTOM Description = XXRLT Custom Responsibility Available From = Oracle Applications Data Group Name = XXRLTGroup Data Group Application = XXRLT Custom Menu = XXRLT Custom Application Request Group Name = XXRLT Request Group
Responsibility Name = XXRLT Custom SSWA Application = XXRLT Custom Responsibility Key = XXRLTCUSTOMSSWA Description = XXRLT Custom Responsibility SSWA Available From = Oracle Self Service Web Applications Data Group Name = XXRLTGroup Data Group Application = XXRLT Custom Menu = XXRLT Custom Application SSWA Request Group Name = XXRLT Request Group
11) Add responsibility to user Navigate to Security-->User-->Define Add XXRLT Custom responsibility to users as required.
12) Other considerations You are now ready to create your database Objects, custom Reports, Forms, Packages, etc
Create the source code files in the XXRLT_TOP directory appropriate for the type of object. For example forms would be located in $XXRLT_TOP/forms/US or
package source code in $XXRLT_TOP/admin/sql for example.
Database Objects, such as tables, indexes and sequences should be created in the XXRLT schema, and then you need to a) Grant all privilege from each custom data object to the APPS schema. For example : logged in as XXRLT user grant all privileges on myTable to apps;
b) Create a synonym in APPS for each custom data object For example : logged in as APPS user create synonym myTable for XXRLT.myTable;
13) Login to sysadmin, Application Developer Responsibility
Application > Form ( Register the form ) Application > Funtion ( Add the form to a function ) Application > Menu ( Attach the function to a menu )
Menu that is added to a particular responsbility is given to specific user Security > User > Define